An Advance Parole Document is a form of temporary travel authorization used to reenter the United States after traveling abroad. Certain non-U.S. citizens use advance parole in lieu of a visa when reentering the United States.
Certain non-U.S. citizens may use Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, to apply for a Reentry Permit, Refugee Travel Document or Advance Parole.
A Reentry Permit is used by lawful permanent residents or conditional permanent residents who plan to travel outside the United States for more than one year, but less than two years.
Adjustment of status applicants generally do not need to pay the Form I-131 filing fee for an Advance Parole Document or Refugee Travel Document. The Form I-131 fee is waived for adjustment of status applicants.
Generally, it takes about three months for USCIS to process your Form I-131, Application for Travel Document. However, you may be able to get expedited processing of a travel document in certain situations.
If you are experiencing an extremely urgent situation, you may be able to request an emergency Advance Parole Document under certain conditions.
It's possible to travel back to your home country, but it's highly discouraged by most immigration attorneys (assuming this is the same country where you experienced past persecution or claim a fear of future persecution).
A Refugee Travel Document is a travel document (very similar to a passport) issued to a refugee or asylee that allows him or her to travel abroad and return to the United States.
Generally, a Reentry Permit issued to a permanent resident is valid for two years from the date of issuance. However, Reentry Permit validity can vary for certain permanent residents with extensive time outside the country and conditional residents.
A lawful permanent resident (green card holder) generally may travel outside the United States and return with just a green card. However, there are some reasons a green card holder might also require a Reentry Permit.
As a permanent resident of the United States you may travel abroad for periods of less than one year and reenter the U.S. with just a valid, unexpired green card. However, if you need to apply for a Reentry Permit, there are some things you should know about travel after filing the Reentry Permit application.
If you have ever been issued a Reentry Permit or Refugee Travel Document, you will need to explain what happened to it before U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will issue a new one.