Before the U.S. embassy or consulate will grant a K-1 visa to a foreign national, the U.S. citizen petitioner must prove that he or she has sufficient income to support the foreign visitor if necessary. Even if the foreign national has a well-paying job lined up in the United States, the petitioner will need to disclose his or her financial situation and sign an affidavit of support. Fortunately, the K-1 visa income requirements are relatively low.
K-1 Visa Income Requirements
In short, the U.S. citizen petitioner (person who filed Form I-129F, Petition for Alien Fiancé) must have current income that at least 100% of the poverty guidelines. For the current year’s guidelines, refer to the HHS poverty guidelines. It is updated each year so that you can easily look up the requirements.
Your current income is your “expected” total income from all sources for the current year. Your current individual income may be different than it was last year. It may include sources of income in addition to your employment. Your total individual income includes:
- Wages, salaries, tips
- Taxable interest
- Ordinary dividends
- Alimony and/or child support
- Business income
- Capital gains
- Taxable IRA distributions
- Taxable pensions and annuities
- Rental income
- Unemployment compensation
- Workers compensation and disability
- Taxable Social Security
Means-tested public benefits such as food stamps, SSI, Medicaid, TANF and CHIP should be excluded from income.
Determining Your Household Size
To determine if you meet the K-1 visa income requirements, you’ll first need to know your household size. Generally, your household includes you and any dependents. Add together your current dependents and the intending immigrants. If your fiancé has children that will accompany, they must be included in the calculation. To determine your household size, add together the following as applicable:
- Any people listed as dependents on your tax return
- Any immigrants that you have sponsored in the past
- Your fiancé and any children that will join
Once you have determined your total household size, refer the appropriate table in the HHS poverty guidelines. Your income must meet or exceed the amount in the table. Note that there are separate tables for Alaska and Hawaii (due to the higher cost of living). Use the table for the state where you live or intend to live.
For example, a sponsor with no dependents except for the fiancé would have a household size of two. Based on the 2020 poverty guidelines, the petitioner would require an income of at least $17,240 to meet the K-1 visa income requirements in all states except for Alaska and Hawaii.
Proving You Meet the Income Requirement
Once USCIS approves Form I-129F, the National Visa Center will ask the petitioner to submit additional documents, including Form I-134, Affidavit of Support, on behalf of the foreign fiancé. Use Form I-134 to sponsor a visa applicant and show they will not become a public charge while in the United States. In short, it’s a contract between the petitioner and U.S. government promising to repay the government should the K-1 beneficiary ever become dependent on the government for public benefits.
Do not confuse Form I-134 with Form I-864, Affidavit of Support. Form I-134 is to be used in conjunction with the K-1 visa. Once the foreign national is in the United States and adjusts status to permanent residence (green card), the U.S. citizen will submit Form I-864, Affidavit of Support, at that time. This is a separate affidavit with a similar purpose.
If you do not meet the K-1 visa income requirements with your own income, you may be able to add a co-sponsor. Generally, this would be a close family member who agrees to be financially responsible.
Green Card Income Requirements
Once married, the foreign national may apply for a green card through adjustment of status. Green card applicants who are applying on the basis of a K-1 entry are generally subject to the public charge rule. USCIS will make a determination if the applicant will likely become a public charge at any time in the future based on certain criteria. USCIS will evaluate applicant’s education, skills, employment history and other resources. The total household income (including the petitioning sponsor’s income) is taken into consideration.
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