Permanent residents use Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, to apply for U.S. citizenship through the naturalization process.
Currently it costs $725 to become a U.S. citizen through the naturalization process (for most applicants). There are various ways to pay for the N-400 filing fee and even a fee waiver for certain individuals that qualify.
The Constitution and laws of the United States give many rights to both citizens and non-citizens living in the United States. However, some rights are only for U.S. citizens.
Many lawful permanent residents are eligible to become a U.S. citizen and don’t even realize it. In fact, an estimated seven million green card holders are eligible right now.
Eligibility for naturalization as a U.S. citizen requires most applicants to meet separate continuous residence and physical presence requirements. Applicants often misunderstand these closely related but unique criteria.
Your time as a permanent resident begins on the date you were granted permanent resident status. Usually, you can find on this date on your green card.
In most cases you are a U.S. citizen if your parent became a U.S. citizen (or was already a citizen) before your 18th birthday. But immigration laws have changed over the years. Before filing Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, determine if you are already a U.S. citizen.
In many cases you may have more information than can fit into the standard space provided on Form N-400, Application for Naturalization. This is especially common for travel records, previous addresses, and previous employers.
Form N-400 requires applicants to list each trip that was made outside the United States over the previous five years. Itemizing this "time outside the United States" can be a challenging task for applicants with numerous trips abroad.
Generally, you can find your travel history information inside your official passport. But, in some cases, you may not have your passport or are missing known records.
Some permanent residents live close to a U.S. border and have family or business purposes for routine trips across the border. These regular and frequent trips outside the U.S. may be impossible to list individually for the purposes of preparing Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
CitizenPath has created a sample cover letter to help you file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization. It's not required, but an N-400 cover letter can help clarify unusual circumstances or itemize the supporting documents for your case.
Your time as a conditional permanent resident counts toward the continuous residence requirement for the purposes of naturalization.
Also known as an A-Number, your Alien Registration Number is an 8 or 9 digit number that can be found on a variety of documents from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) or the former INS.
One of the requirements for naturalization as a U.S. citizen is good moral character. Once you file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, USCIS will conduct a thorough review of your background and immigration history.
There are no restrictions on travel just because you’ve submitted Form N-400, Application for Naturalization. You may travel outside the U.S. after filing Form N-400, but there ways that travel can affect you and your application.