how to prepare for us citizenship test interview

How to Prepare for the US Citizenship Test & Interview

How to Prepare for the Citizenship Test & Interview

how to prepare for us citizenship test interviewOver 7.5 million people have become naturalized U.S. citizens over the past 10 years. Yet there are millions of permanent residents (green card holders) that are eligible to naturalize right now. Many people don’t take the next step because they are worried about preparing for the citizenship test and interview.

You can do it. In fact, many resources are available to help you prepare for the citizenship interview and test. When you know what to expect and invest a little time into preparing, you can become a U.S. citizen.

What Happens at Citizenship Interview

At your interview, a USCIS officer will ask to see your identification, place you under oath, and ask you about:

  • Your background
  • Evidence supporting your case
  • Your place and length of residence
  • Your character
  • Your attachment to the Constitution and
  • Your willingness to take an Oath of Allegiance to the U.S.

In addition, the USCIS officer may ask you some other questions to make sure that you meet all the eligibility requirements. Be familiar with your USCIS application. If there are any differences between answers on application and your supporting documents, be prepared to explain the reason. Your ability to understand the questions and answers in English is part of the interview.

During your interview, a USCIS officer will also test your ability to read, write, and speak English (unless you are exempt from the English requirements). You will also be given a civics test in English (to test your knowledge and understanding of U.S. history and government) unless you are exempt. Even if exempt from the English test, you will need to take the civics test in the language of your choice or qualify for a waiver.

How to Prepare for the Citizenship Test – English

Your English skills will be tested in the following ways:

  • Reading. To test your ability to read in English, you must read one sentence, out of three sentences, in a manner suggesting to the USCIS officer that you understand the meaning of the sentence.
  • Writing. To test your ability to write in English, you must write one sentence, out of three sentences, in a manner that would be understandable as written to the USCIS officer.
  • Speaking. Your ability to speak English is determined by your answers to questions normally asked by USCIS officers during the naturalization eligibility interview on Form N-400.

Several FREE study tools are available from USCIS to help you prepare for the English test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test interview, reading vocabulary

Easy-to-use flash cards containing vocabulary words to help study for the English reading portion of the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test interview, writing vocabulary

Easy-to-use flash cards containing vocabulary words to help study for the English writing portion of the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test interview, reading vocabulary

Official list of vocabulary for the English reading portion of the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test, understanding commands

This listening activity has commands that you may hear during the citizenship interview. Download the self-study flash cards to practice on your own.

how to prepare for us citizenship test english, vocabulary

This reading activity has words and phrases that you may read on the Application for Naturalization, Form N-400, or hear during the citizenship interview.

how to prepare for us citizenship test english vocabulary

This reading and listening activity has words and phrases that you may read on the Application for Naturalization, Form N-400, or hear during the citizenship interview.

How to Prepare for the Citizenship Test – History/Civics

There are 100 civics questions on the U.S. citizenship test. During your citizenship test, you will be asked up to 10 questions from the list of 100 questions in English. You must answer correctly 6 of the 10 questions to pass the civics test in English. Several FREE study tools are available from USCIS to help you prepare for the history/civics portion of the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test civics

Official list of civics questions and answers
for the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test civics

Official list of civics questions and answers
for the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test civics

Online videos and activities highlight museum objects from the Smithsonian Institution to help you prepare for the civics portion of the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test civics

Practice your knowledge of U.S. history and government with these 4 different self-tests. This is 1 of 4 practice tests available for you to try.

how to prepare for us citizenship test self test

Practice your knowledge of U.S. history and government with these 4 different self-tests. This is 1 of 4 practice tests available for you to try.

how to prepare for us citizenship test civics flash cards

Easy-to-use downloadable flash cards containing each of the 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers on the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test civics flash cards spanish

Easy-to-use downloadable flash cards containing each of the 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers on the citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test civics video

Short video providing an overview of the naturalization process and citizenship test.

how to prepare for us citizenship test interview video

An Introduction to U.S. History and Civics
Video highlighting U.S. history, civics, and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.

how to prepare for us citizenship test civics

Quick Civics Lessons
Study booklet containing short lessons based on each of the 100 civics questions and answers on the citizenship test.

What to Bring to the Citizenship Interview

Once you initially file N-400, Application for Naturalization, begin keeping a file that includes all of the supporting documentation for your application. Read your appointment notice for the interview, as it may request specific documents that you need to take to the interview. Download the PDF below for a list of items typically required:

Additional Resources

Watch a video: The Citizenship Test and Interview
Watch a video: An Overview of the Naturalization Process
Get started with the N-400, Application for Naturalization