U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents can both help their children get permanent resident status (green card) in the United States. The process starts by filing Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative. However, before beginning the process, the petition should understand the basics:
U.S. Citizen Petitions a Child
A U.S. citizen can file the I-130 on behalf of any child. The child can be married or unmarried and of any age.
A U.S. citizen can file Form I-130 for:
- Unmarried son or daughter of any age
- Married son or daughter of any age
Permanent Resident Petitions a Child
But a lawful permanent resident can only file Form I-130 for an unmarried son or daughter (any age). Permanent residents cannot petition a married son or daughter.
There is no visa category for married children of permanent residents. If an unmarried son or daughter marries before the permanent resident becomes a U.S. citizen, any pending Form I-130 petition filed for that son or daughter will be automatically revoked by USCIS.