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What Happens After Filing Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document

What Happens After Filing Form N-565

Losing your Certificate of Naturalization or Certificate of Citizenship can leave you with an unsettling feeling. You’re probably anxious to know what happens after filing Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, and how long it will take to receive your new citizenship document. Although the steps that take place are fairly consistent, the N-565 processing time can vary based on the USCIS case load, the USCIS office where you filed, and your ability to properly file an accurately prepared Form N-565 without errors or omissions. The following list details the basic steps of the process for most people. There is an approximate amount of time provided. However, this time frame can vary.

what happens after filing n-565 application to replace citizenship document

Receipt of Form N-565 Application


If your Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, has been properly filed, USCIS will initially respond by mailing you a letter that confirms receipt of your application. The receipt letter is formally known as Form I-797C, Notice of Action (see example below) and arrives approximately 1-3 weeks after filing. If your Form N-565 has not been properly filed, USCIS may send a Notice of Action to reject the application or may send a Request for Evidence that requests additional items. Either will significantly delay your request. So it’s important to prepare the N-565 correctly and submit all required documents according to the filing instructions.

I-797c notice of action sample for n-565 timeline

Tip: Save this important letter. It contains your 10-digit receipt number. You can use this receipt number to check your case status. If you didn’t receive a Notice of Action, you can make a case inquiry.

uscis guarantee from citizenship

Nearly 9% of Form N-565 applications are rejected, and thousands more are denied. A poorly prepared application can also delay the approval process and even create significant immigration problems. But when you prepare your N-565 on CitizenPath, we provide simple, step-by-step instructions and alerts to help you avoid costly delays. We even guarantee USCIS will accept your application. No credit card is required to try it.


Receive Your New Certificate


USCIS will process your application to replace your citizenship document. Make sure you use a reliable mail address on the application. Once your Form N-565 is approved, USCIS will mail your certificate to you. If your application is denied, USCIS will mail you a notice explaining the reasons for the denial.

Tip: You must notify USCIS if you change your address after filing your Form N-565. Call USCIS at 1-800-375-5283 to change the address on your pending N-565 application. If you did not receive your certificate in the mail, you can make a case inquiry.

Factors That Affect Processing Time

There are a couple of factors that affect the Form N-565 processing time most significantly. It depends on where you live and how well you’ve prepared your application.

You can’t control where you file, but you do have control over the preparation of your Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, and supporting documents. Filling out the application completely and accurately helps ensure that your case won’t be delayed. It’s also imperative that you include the correct supporting documents. You can find complete instructions on the USCIS website, but there’s an easier way. Immigration attorneys designed to make this process simple. Use the online software to avoid common mistakes that cause delays and rejections. You’ll also get filing instructions that are customized to your situation. You’ll know exactly which supporting documents to submit with your application and where to mail it. Get started for free >>

Total Form N-565 Processing Time

After filing Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, the N-565 processing time will take 5-12 months in most cases. This is an approximation. N-565 processing times may be shorter for some and longer for others. In some cases, USCIS will make a request for additional information or schedule an interview. Don’t forget — you can check your case status online with your receipt number. The USCIS website also lists normal processing times. If you believe that your case is outside the normal processing times, you can make a case inquiry.