Form N-565 processing time

Form N-565 Processing Time

Form N-565 Processing Time

What Happens After Filing Form N-565, Application to Replace Citizenship Document

Losing your Certificate of Naturalization or Certificate of Citizenship can leave you with an unsettling feeling. You’re probably anxious to know what happens after filing Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, and how long it takes to get a new certificate.

Although the steps that take place are fairly consistent, the Form N-565 processing time will vary based on the USCIS case load and your ability to properly file an accurately prepared application package. The following outline describes the basic steps of the N-565 time line for most people.

Form N-565 processing time line, how long it takes to replace a naturalization certificate

Receipt of Application

If you properly file Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, USCIS will initially respond by mailing you a receipt notice that confirms receipt of your application. Formally known as Form I-797C, Notice of Action (see example below), the receipt notice typically arrives 2 to 3 weeks after filing. If you did not properly file your Form N-565, USCIS will send a Notice of Action to reject the application or may send a Request for Evidence that requests additional items. Either will significantly delay your request. Thus, it is vital to prepare the application package correctly and submit all required supporting documents.
I-797c receipt notice during N-565 time line

Tip: Save this important letter. It contains your 10-digit receipt number. You can use this receipt number to check your case status. If you didn’t receive a Notice of Action, you can make a case inquiry.

Nearly 9% of Form N-565 applications are rejected, and thousands more are denied. A poorly prepared application can also delay the approval process and even create significant immigration problems. When you prepare your N-565 on CitizenPath, we provide simple, step-by-step instructions and alerts to help you avoid costly delays. We even guarantee USCIS will approve your application. No credit card is required to try it.

approval guarantee for N-565 citizenship document replacement

Receive Your New Certificate


USCIS will process your application to replace your citizenship document. Be sure you use a current and safe mailing address on the application. Once USCIS approves your Form N-565, they will mail your certificate to you. If your application is denied, USCIS will mail you a notice explaining the reasons for the denial.

You may need a certificate to prove U.S. citizen for the purposes of applying for a U.S. passport. Generally, you don't need to carry around your certificate. So keep it in a safe place.

citizenship document replacement time
Tip: You must notify USCIS if you change your address after filing your Form N-565. Call USCIS at 1-800-375-5283 to change the address on your pending N-565 application. If you did not receive your certificate in the mail, you can make a case inquiry.

Factors That Affect Processing Time

There are a couple of factors that affect the Form N-565 processing time most significantly. It depends on where you live and how well you’ve prepared your application. You can’t control where you file, but you do have control over the preparation of your Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, and supporting documents. Filling out the application completely and accurately helps ensure that your case won’t be delayed. It’s also imperative that you include the correct supporting documents. You can find complete instructions on the USCIS website, but there’s an easier way. Immigration attorneys designed CitizenPath to make this process simple. Use the online software to avoid common mistakes that cause delays and rejections. You’ll also get filing instructions that are customized to your situation. You’ll know exactly which supporting documents to submit with your application and where to mail it. Get started for free >>

Form N-565 Processing Time Summary

After filing Form N-565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, your N-565 processing time can take anywhere from 5 to 8 months. This is an approximation. It may be shorter for some and longer for others. In some cases, USCIS will make a request for additional information or even schedule an additional interview. Don’t forget — you can check your case status online with your receipt number. The USCIS website also lists normal processing times. If you believe that your case is outside the normal processing times, you can make a case inquiry.