Two of the primary benefits of Temporary Protected Status include provisional protection against deportation and permission to work in the United States for a limited period of time.
Authorized Stay in the United States
The most significant benefit of Temporary Protected Status is the right to stay in the United States during the designated period for your TPS country. The length of your stay in the U.S. with Temporary Protected Status will vary depending on the nature of the emergency situation in your country and the length of time for which the Department of Homeland Security designates your native country is eligible for TPS protection. The initial period provided will be no less than six months and could be up to 18 months. If the situation in your home country is not improving, DHS has the option to extend this time. Consequently, some TPS beneficiaries have been able to live and work in the U.S. for more than ten years. To see the list of countries currently designated for TPS, visit the USCIS TPS page.
As a TPS beneficiary, you may request an Employment Authorization Document (also known as an EAD or work permit) that will allow you to work while in the United States during the designated period. You’ll need to file Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, at the same time as filing Form I-821 for TPS benefits.
Travel Outside the United States
Yes, but before traveling outside the U.S. with TPS, you need approval from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). To apply for this permission, complete and file Form I-131, Application for Travel Document. Upon approval, you will receive an Advance Parole travel document. This document will allow you to travel abroad and to return to the U.S. within the time period for which you are authorized. This permit is often authorized for multiple reentries, but you can remain outside the U.S. for only a total of 90 days.
Failure to obtain your Advance Parole document or return within the approved dates, will likely result in the loss of Temporary Protected Status.