The Advance Parole travel document permits reentry to the United States after travel abroad and preserves a pending I-485 application
During the Adjustment of Status (AOS) process, the applicant can remain in the United States while waiting for his or her green card. But it can take several months to receive the green card after filing Form I-485, Application to Adjust Status.
Many applicants want to travel abroad during this time to visit family or take a vacation. But there’s a problem – an Adjustment of Status applicant that leaves the U.S. without Advance Parole is automatically considered to have abandoned the application. In simple terms, this person will not be allowed the re-enter the United States and the I-485 application would be terminated. To return to the U.S., this person would need to restart the immigration process through consular processing in a foreign country. This is a long and expensive journey.
With a little planning, the Adjustment of Status applicant can obtain an Advance Parole Document and easily avoid these problems. Advance Parole for Adjustment of Status applicants resolves two issues:
- Allows the AOS applicant to return to the U.S. after travel abroad without obtaining a visa
- Preserves a pending Adjustment of Status application (Form I-485) already filed with USCIS
How to Apply for Advance Parole
Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, is used to request Advance Parole for Adjustment of Status applicants. When preparing the Advance Parole application package, applicants should include the following items:
- Prepared and signed Form I-131, Application for Travel Document
- Copy of a photo identity document (with photo, name and date of birth) such as an Employment Authorization Card (EAD) or driver’s license
- Copy of Form I-797, Notice of Action, that proves your I-485 application was accepted
- Two identical passport-style color photographs
You can download the application and filing instructions from the USCIS website. Applicants that want some additional reassurance that their application will be accepted by USCIS can prepare the request for Advance Parole on CitizenPath.com. CitizenPath provides simple, step-by-step instructions and even guarantees that USCIS will accept the application. There is no sign up or fee to get started. You only pay after you are completely satisfied. Try Form I-131 now.
In most cases, there is no interview associated with the Form I-131 application.
Advance Parole for Adjustment of Status Applicants Fees
The good news is that’s there is no USCIS fee for Advance Parole for Adjustment of Status applicants that meet certain criteria. Normally, the Form I-131 fee for an Advance Parole document is $575. If you filed a Form I-485 (Adjustment of Status application) on/after July 30, 2007, with a fee, and that I-485 application is still pending, there is no USCIS fee for Advance Parole.
When filing Form I-131 for Advance Parole with a pending AOS application, we recommend that you include a cover letter to explain why no fee is included. View a sample cover letter for Advance Parole for AOS.
Urgent Requests for Advance Parole
In most cases, it takes about 90 days to get the Advance Parole Document. This could be a problem if you’re traveling for an extremely urgent situation. Generally, USCIS doesn’t grant expedited requests for Advance Parole Documents. However, in a dire emergency, USCIS is willing to consider an expedited request at a local USCIS office. You will need to provide evidence to support the emergency request (e.g. medical documentation, death certificate). If you are preparing your Advance Parole application through CitizenPath, we can also provide special instructions for expedited requests.
What You Should Know About Advance Parole
An Advance Parole document does not guarantee your re-entry to the United States. You are still subject to the standard immigration inspection at a port of entry to determine admissibility into the U.S.
If you have any period of unlawful presence in the U.S., consult with an attorney before filing Form I-131 or traveling abroad. Unlawful presence can include time after illegally entering the U.S. or time in the U.S. with an expired visa. If this may apply to you, speak to an experienced immigration attorney before attempting to request Advance Parole.
Generally, asylees and refugees should not travel to the country you claimed persecution. By returning to that country, your actions suggest that you do not fear persecution. Your application will be denied and could negatively affect your asylum/refugee status in the U.S. In some cases, there are legitimate reasons for returning to the country you claimed persecution. If this applies to you, please speak to an experienced immigration attorney before filing Form I-131.
Traveling with Advance Parole
Known formally as Form I-512L, Authorization for Parole of an Alien into the United States, the Advance Parole Document, is often printed on a standard, letter-size piece of paper. Applicants that applied for employment authorization concurrently will receive an Employment Authorization Card with “Serves as I-512 Advanced Parole” printed on the front.
Upon receiving the document from USCIS, review it to confirm all of the information is correct. An Advance Parole Document will also include the last day that it may be used to re-enter the U.S. Be sure that your travel is complete and that you return before this date.
Take the original Advance Parole Document with you when you leave the United States. You’ll need to present it before getting on a plane, ship, bus, or train headed back to the U.S. and to the Customs and Border Patrol officer when you arrive.
When traveling with Advance Parole as an Adjustment of Status applicant, remember to:
- Take your original Advance Parole Document
- Take a photocopy of the I-797 Notice of Action confirming that your I-485 application was accepted
- Return before the deadline on your Advance Parole Document – leave extra time in case of travel delays
CitizenPath is an online immigration resource that provides simple, step-by-step guidance through USCIS applications and petitions. Our low-cost service helps to simplify the process by explaining each question and providing alerts if your answer to a question could be a problem. Most people do not need a lawyer to prepare USCIS forms, but many need a little assistance. That’s where CitizenPath can help. CitizenPath provides support for Green Card Renewal (Form I-90), Requests for Advance Parole Travel Document (Form I-131), and several other popular forms.